The spine of untreated severe scoliosis.
Watch the video to see how the octopus discovers how to get out of a jar by unscrewing its lid. There’s one point where it’s almost like you can see the dawn of understanding (I move lid = gets bigger in here = escape!).
Kind of like in the movie 2001 …
Here are a couple of gifs of the Dumbo Octopus (Grimpoteuthis sp.) encountered by the NOAA Okeanos crew a few days ago in the depths of the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Florida.
(images: NOAA; via: Popular Science)
Maggio dei monumenti on Flickr.
Un divertículo de Meckel. #medicina #oncología #cirugía #medicine #oncology #surgery
It’s a congenital malformation in which the heart is abnormally located either partially or totally outside of the thorax. The ectopic heart can be found along a spectrum of anatomical locations, including the neck, chest, or abdomen. In most cases, the heart protrudes outside the chest through a split sternum
Krista and Tatiana Hogan are craniopagus twins, meaning they’re connected at the head.
They share a structure that connects Krista’s thalamus to Tatiana’s. The thalamus is a double-lobed organ that plays important roles in processing sensory input and creating consciousness.
Since Krista’s and Tatiana’s thalami are connected, scientists and members of the Hogan family think the girls might view the world differently than the rest of us do.
For example, Dr. Cochrane believes the girls can see through each other’s eyes. He came to this conclusion after covering Krista’s eyes, placing electrodes on her head, and watched Krista’s brain respond after shining a light in Tatiana’s pupils.
Other times, one girl will be watching TV while the other is looking somewhere else. Suddenly, the twin not watching TV will start laughing at what’s happening onscreen.
Their “thalamic bridge” also affects their sense of taste. Krista is a ketchup fiend, but Tatiana hates the stuff. Once, Krista was eating ketchup, and Tatiana furiously tried to wipe it off her own tongue even though she wasn’t eating any ketchup herself.
Perhaps the strangest phenomenon of all is that the twins sometimes use the word “I” to describe both of themselves at once.
As of 2011, no one had run any conclusive tests on the girls and their odd condition. However, scientists who have observed their behavior and brain scans are flabbergasted and excited. While no one can say for sure at the moment, it really does seem Krista and Tatiana can share private thoughts and perceive what the other is sensing.
As someone who wants to study consciousness in the future, I can say this is one of the most extraordinary cases I have ever heard of.
If you thought the post on twins sharing consciousness was awesome, wait until you hear this.
A 44-year-old French man one day went to the trip to the doctor’s because he felt a pain in his left leg. He’s a married man with two kids and a steady job.
Doctor’s found that he had hydrocephalus as a child (when your brain is filled with fluids) so they decided to run some brain scans.
What they found was that the majority of his head was filled with fluid. Over time, the buildup caused his lateral ventricles to swell so much that his brain had been flattened to a thin sheet.
Doctors estimated that his brain mass had been reduced by at most 70%, affecting the areas in charge of motion, language, emotion, and, well, everything.
Shockingly, he was fine. While his IQ was only 75, he wasn’t mentally challenged. He held a steady job, raised a family, and didn’t have trouble interacting with others.
Over time, his brain had adapted to all that pressure, and even though he had fewer neurons that most, Jacques was still a fully functional human being.
The doctors drained the fluid and while his brain is much smaller now, he is still a healthy individual with a normal life.
A Brazilian woman recovered from surgery to remove a harpoon that entered her mouth and hit her spine. Investigators say Elisangela Borborema Rosa’s husband was cleaning a spear gun when it accidentally went off.
Papariello on Flickr.
Spine with spondylitis ankylosans (morbus bechterew) from the region of Heilbronn, early 6th century, shown at the Landesmuseum Württemberg, Stuttgart, Germany
Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease in which the immune system attacks the joints of the spine and sacrum, resulting in the fusing of the vertebrae.